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Chemical Formulas Everyday Science One Liner MCQs

Chemical Formulas Everyday Science One Liner MCQs



  • Common Salt is NaCl = sodium chloride
  • Chun is Ca(OH)2 = calcium hydroxide 
  • Washing soda = Na2CO3= sodium carbonate
  • Baking soda = NaHCO3 = sodium bicarbonate
  • Chalk = CaCO3 = calcium carbonate
  • Plaster of Paris = CaSO4.1/2 H2O
  • Gypsum salt is CaSo4 + 2H2O.
  • Cholestrol = C27 H46O
  • Carbohydrates = C+O+H
  • Protein = C+Nitrogen + O+H
  • C2 H5 OH is the formula of what- Alcohol
  • H14 N2 is a poisonous alkaloid consumed daily by millions what-Nicotine
  • What element was named after the Greek word for green-Chlorine
  • What elements name comes from the Greek for light bearing-Phosphorous
  • Alphabetically what is the first element in the periodic table-Actinium
  • What elements name comes from the Greek word for violet-Iodine
  • Mercury is also known as Quick Silver
  • Coal is also known as Black Diamond
  • The lightest known metal is Lithium
  • The oil used to preserve timber is Creosote oil
  • Lime stone is predominantly used raw material in the production of cement.
  • An element found in all organic compounds is carbon
  • Most commonly used bleaching agent is chlorine
  • Lime is sometimes applied to soil in order to increase the alkalinity of the soil
  • Podsols are Acidic soils
  • Source of plaster of Paris is gypsum
  • Chemical name of plaster of Paris is Hemihydrates
  • Naturally occurring elements are 92
  • Total elements are 109
  • Alkaline soil is treated with gypsum
  • Marble is metamorphic rock
  • Limestone is sedimentary rock
  • Limestone transforms into marble
  • Thorium is both magnetic and radioactive 
  • Finest quality of pottery is procelin. It is make from the purest white clay such as kaolin also called China clay and heated at 1400 deg: C
  • Bone china is an imitation porcelain made using clay mixed with bone ash
  • Mud bricks are called adobe
  • Materials that resist high temperatures are known as refectories
  • Refectories contin tungsten, the metal with highest melting point (3410 deg: C).
  • Some refectories contain tungsten carbide which is used to make cutting tools that remain sharp even when they get red hot
  • Rungsten and titanium carbides are mixed with ceramics to form cerment which are used in high temperature parts of jet and rocket engines
  • Cement is a ceramic product made of fiercely haeating (1500 deg: C) earthly material like limestone and clay
  • Concrete is strong under compression but weak if streatched (tension). For this engineers cast steel rods into the concrete. This is called reinforced concrete.
  • Ceramic is made by heating and mixing together the ceramic material boron carbide and aluminium. It is lighter than aluminum and stronger than steel
  • Sodium carbonate is used in making glass and in caustic soda for making soap
  • Sulphuric acid is also known as “lifeblood of industry”
  • Oxidation is addition of oxygen to the substance
  • Hydrogenation is adding hydrogen
  • Hydrogen is the commonest element in the universe.
  • Hydrogen is a powerful fuel. The main engines of the space shuttle are powered by hydrogen.
  • Hydrogen is used in fertilizers, margarine and plastics.
  • Serenium is non metal substance.
  • ‘Ion exchange’ is the method to remove the temporary or permanent hardness of water.
  • Molasses (Gur) are a by product of sugar industry.
  • Polymerization is the reaction by which plastics are made. It involves linking together of small molecules (manomers) to form large ones (polymers) 
  • Halogens mean salt like. It is a group of highly reactive nonmetals that are poisonous in their pure forms. Other halogens are fluorine, bromine, iodine, astatine. 
  • Salt is one of the halogens
  • Halogens light bulbs used in cars’ headlamps (ususlly iodine or bromine) surrounding the light filament. Halogen bulbs are brighter and last longer than ordinary light bulbs.
  • Fluoride compounds in toothpaste and drinking water help to prevent tooth decay.
  • Chlorine reacts with other elements and form PVC, a plastic for pipes and waterproof fabrics.
  • Iodine sublimes at room temperature (i.e turns directly into a gas)
  • Chlorine is used in swimming pools to kill germs.
  • Palladium metal is used in air craft
  • Liquid sodium is used a coolant in nuclear reactor 
  • Plutonium-239 is a good nuclear fuel
  • Aviation fuel for jet aeroplanes consists of purified kerosene
  • Co2 is used in fir extinguishers
  • Cooking gas is oxygen+methane
  • Hydrogen has the highest fuel value
  • Ripening of fruits is hastened by Ethylene gas
  • Iron rusts due to formation of a mixture of ferrous and ferric hydroxide 
  • Chemically soap is a salt
  • Dalton’s atomic theory gave the concept of Valency
  • When radioactive rays are passed through air or any gas , they cause it to ionize
  • Formic acid is present in sour milk
  • Butane gas is used in cigarette lighters
  • LPG contains Butane and propane
  • In soft drinks Co2 is used 
  • Rust stains on cloth is revoved by Oxalic Acid solution
  • Acid in lemon and grape fruit is Citric Acid
  • Permanent magnets are make from Ferromagnetic substances
  • Melting point of Tungsten is 3000 deg: C
  • Mercury is used as a solvent in refining silver
  • Serenium is non metal substance.
  • Aqua Regia is the mixture of Nitric Acid and HCL in 1:3.
  • Sodium Benzoate is used to preserve food articles.
  • Gas used for purification of water is chlorine
  • Formic Acid is used in dying, tanning and electroplating.
  • In galvanization iron sheet is coated with Zinc
  • Mahalanobis model laid great emphasis on development of heavy industries.
  • Oxidation is the process in which electron is lost.
  • Camphor exhibits the property of sublimation.
  • Gypsum salt is CaSo4 + 2H2O.
  • Excessive use of fertilizers causes death of plants due to exomosis.
  • Sodium Benzoate is used to preserve food articles.
  • Bee stings contain formic acid
  • BHCC Benzene Hex chloride is used for killing for insects.
  • Opposite of acid is alkali
  • Pure water has pH of 7
  • pH scale ranges from 0-14
  • Cola drinks contain phosphoric acid to give them flavor
  • People used to treat bee stings by rubbing them with bicarbonate of soda
  • Acid contains hydrogen and react with metals such as iron and zinc, they give off hydrogen
  • Acid turns litmus paper red
  • Alkali turns litmus paper blue
  • Alkalis are part of a group of chemicals called bases.
  • Alkalis are bases that dissolve in water, have bitter taste and feel soapy
  • When an acid meets an alkali both are changed- they are neutralized.
  • When acid meets alkali salt and water is produced
  • Stomach produces hydrochloric acid
  • Strong acids like sulphuric acid is usesd in factories to make fertilizers, explosives, plastics, synthetic fabrics, paints, dyes, medicines, detergents and other chemicals
  • Example of strong alkali is Sodium Hydroxide (caustic soda)
  • Sodium hydroxide solution dissolves fats and used to clean oven and drain blocked cleaners
  • In industry alkalis are used in the manufacture of soap, glass, paper and textile and in the refining of crude oil
  • Aluminum metal is obtained from aluminia by electrolysis. This process was discovered by Charles Hall of US in 1886 and Paul Heroult in France
  • Use of Boron and Zink can improve cotton yield
  • ‘Ion exchange’ is the method to remove the temporary or permanent hardness of water.
  • An example of inorganic compound is carbon monoxide
  • Shoot is an example of amorphous carbon
  • Different forms of same elements are called allotropes
  • Diamond is allotropic form of carbon
  • Graphite is used to hold molten metals
  • Charcoad is used in gas masks for absorbing unpleasant smells
  • Fullerences are the most recently discovered allotropes
  • The main ingredient in glass making is sand, the mineral is silical.
  • The ordinary glass used for bottles and windows is known as soda lime glass as it is made by using soda ash and limestone.
  • Adding lead oxide in glass making recipe makes crystal glass which has extra brilliance and sparkles like a diamond.
  • Glass with a very high lead content is made for the nuclear industry because it blocks harmful radiations.
  • Boron is added to glass making recipe to protect glass from expanding and cracking when heated.
  • Borosilicate glass is used to make heat resistant cookware and laboratory equipments.
  • Glues comes from animals by boiling bones and skin of cattle and fish bones
  • Gums come from the sticky resins make by certain plants.
  • Most adhesives used today are synthetic and are usually made from petroleum chemicals.
  • Among the strongest adhesives are the epoxy resins 
  • Gold is the most malleable metal of all
  • Silver is used today in photography because many silver salts darken when they are exposed to light.
  • Platinum is used in industry as a catalyst.
  • Rubies and sapphires are made mostly of a material called alumina, but rubies are red beacuase they contain tiny amount of chromium and sapphires are ususlly blue as these cotain timy amounts of iron
  • Driest deserts on earth are the cold, dry valley of Antarctica
  • Detergents are synthetic products made from petroleum chemicals
  • Soap is made by heating fat or oil with alkali like caustic soda. A product we get from making of soap is glycerine which is used in making plastics and explosives.
  • Pure iron is quite a weak metal but if carbon is added to it, it becomes both strong and hard
  • Iron bricks are called steel ingot 
  • Iron is not found in metal form but extracted from iron ore by smelting ie heating at high temp:
  • 90 elements exist naturally and 25 artificially
  • At room temperature most elements are solids but a number are gases like oxygen, hydrogen, nitrogen, helium and neon and only two are liquids like mercury and bromine.
  • Gold rarely combine with other metals and fluorine is highly reactive
  • Diamond and graphite are allotropes of carbon
  • Hjeating coal without air produce coke which is used to make steel
  • Bitumen (damber) is used for surfacing roads comes from coal
  • Isotopes are same chemicals but with different physical properties
  • Aircrafts are made of aluminum alloys.
  • Chemical used in bettery cells is electrolyte
  • Sulphuric acid is used in batteries as electrolyte
  • In alkalin battery Anode = Zinc powder mixed with electrolyte and Cathode = manganese compound mixed with electrolyte
  • Anode = negative terminal and Cathode = positive terminal
  • Votalic Pile was the first battery made in 1799
  • Fuel cells make electricity using hydrogen as a fuel
  • Almost all explosives contain nitrogen. Nitrogen compound Ammonia is the starting point of several explosives.
  • Calcium is a metal found in chalk, limestone and marble in the form of Calcium Carbonate
  • Beryllium is used to make cutting tools where it is important to avoid spark
  • Minerals containing beryllium don’t show up on x-rays, and are used for the windows of x-ray machines
  • Magnesium is present in chlorophyll
  • Sulphur dioxide is not an odorless gas
  • Glass is soluble in Aqua Reggie
  • Fuel in an automobile is a mixture of saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbons
  • Power of alcohol is methyl and petrol
  • Lead is used in batteries
  • The odour of garlic is due to a Sulphuric compound
  • Cabbage contains sulphur
  • The strongest known acid is an 80% solution of antimony pentafluoride in hydrofluoriv acid. 
  • Saffron is used to color fabrics. Cochineal red is a dye extracted from insects.
  • Crude oil and natural gas are made mostly from hydrocarbons. When they burn CO2 is released into atmosphere
  • Synthetic fibers are mostly plastics make from petroleum chemicals.
  • Lime is sometimes applied to soil in order to increase the alkalinity of the soil
  • BHCC Benzene Hex chloride is used for killing for insects.
  • Opposite of acit is alkali.
  • Pure water has 7 P.H.
  • Cola drinks contain phosphoric acid to give them flavor.
  • Bee stings contain formic acid.
  • People used to treat bee stings by rubbing them with bicarbonate of soda.
  • Acid contains Hydrogen and reacts with metals such as iron and zinc, they give off Hydrogen.
  • Acid turns litmus paper red.
  • Alkalis are part of a group of chemicals called bases. Alkalis are bases that dissolve in water, have bitter taste and feel soapy.
  • Alkali turns litmus paper blue.
  • Stomach produces hydrochloric acid
  • Backing powder => Bicarbonate of Soda -> an alkali
  • Strong acids like sulphuric acid used in factories to make fertilizers, explosive, plastics, synthetic fabrics, paint, dyes, medicines, detergents, and many other chemicals.
  • Strong alkalis => Sodium Hydroxide (Caustic Soda).
  • Sodium Hydroxide solution dissolves fats used as oven and drain blocked cleaners.
  • In industry, alkalis are used in the manufacture of soap, glass, paper and textile, and in the refining of crude oil.
  • Chemical in cell of battery is called electrolyte.
  • Lead metals are used in batteries.
  • A personal stereo used alkaline battery. In this the electrodes are powders, mixed with an electrolyte to make a paste.
  • Sulphuric acid is used in batteries are electrolyte. 
  • In alkalin battery:-
  • o Anode = Zinc powder mixed with electrolyte.
  • o Cathode= Manganese compound mixed with electrolyte.
  • Anode = Negative Terminal 
  • + Cathode= Positive Terminal
  • Votalic pile was the first battery in 1799.
  • Fuel cells make electricity using hydrogen as a fuel.
  • Carbon is the element of life.
  • Shoot is an example of amorphous carbon.
  • Different form of the same elements are called allotropes. 
  • Diamond is allotropic from of carbon.
  • Graphite is used to hold molten metals.
  • Charcoal is used in gas masks for absorbing unpleasant smells.
  • Fullerenes are the most recently discovered allotropes.
  • Carbon dioxide we release is comes from food we eat.
  • Carbohydrates = C+O+H
  • Protein = Nitrogen + O + H
  • Chromatography shows what’s in the colored coating of some sweets.
  • Mass spectrography is one of the most powerful ways of analyzing many kind of chemicals.
  • Electrophoresis = > Separation of tagged core fragments of DNA with radioactivity.
  • Sodium Carbonate is used in making glass and in caustic soda for making soap.
  • Heavy Chemicals => Sodium Carbonate, Caustic Soda, Sulphuric Acid, Nitric Acid, Ammonia, Benzene.
  • Sulphuric acid is also known as ‘lifeblood of industry’
  • Sulphuric acid is made from sulphur by contact process.
  • Benzene is known as organic chemical.
  • Oxidation -> addition of oxygen to the substance is made.
  • Hydrogenation -> adding hydrogen.
  • Polymerization is the reaction by which plastics are produced. It involves the linking together of small molecules (monomers) to form large ones (polymere).
  • Cracking - > large molecules are broken down into small ones (used in refining petroleum).
  • Halogens means salt like.
  • Chlorine combines with sodium to make salt (Sodium chloride). It is one of the halogens, a group of highly reactive nonmetals that are all poisonous in their pure forms.
  • Other halogens are Fluorine, Bromine, Iodine, Astatine.
  • The halogen light bulbs used in cars headlamps have a halogen gas, usually iodine or bromine, surrounding the light filament. Halogen bulbs are brighter and last much longer than ordinary light bulbs.
  • Fluoride compounds in toothpaste and drinking water help to prevent tooth decay.
  • Chlorine reacts with lots of other elements to make some very useful compounds such as PVC, a plastic for pipes and waterproof fabrics.
  • CFC – Chlorofluoro carbons.
  • Iodine (turns straight into a gas) (Sublimes) at room temperature.
  • Chlorine is used in swimming pools to kill germs, that is why swimmers use goggles.
  • Carbon has two isotopes.
  • Muons are particles of atom.
  • Isotopes have same chemical but different physical properties.
  • Ions => In an atom, the positive electrical charges of the protons are balanced by the negative electrical charges of the electron. The atom is therefore electrically neutral. However, if you add or take away one or more electrons from an atom, it becomes either negatively or positively charged, such charged particles are called Ions.
  • The purest naturally occurring crystalline form of carbon : diamond 
  • The mixture which can dissolve platinium : Aqua regia 
  • Steel is more elastic than rubber
  • Marble is --- rock : metaphoric 
  • Oil rises in a wick of oil lamp because of a property of matter, called capillary action
  • Mercury metal is 13.5 times heavier than water
  • Diamond is the purest naturally occurring crystalline form of : Carbon 
  • Caustic soda is extensively used for making : making Surf 
  • Charcoal Sulphur Saltpetre make what - Gunpowder
  • What elements name comes from the Greek meaning lazy Argon
  • What are silver coins made from-Copper Nickel
  • Kallium is the old name for which element-Potassium
  • Coal is formed from the remains of forests that grew in the carboniferous period about 300 million years ago.
  • Half-time is a time of radioactive substance taken by that substance to decompose radioactivity to half of its weight.
  • Calcium chloride is present in the common toothpastes as an abrasive.
  • Copper and tin make gun-metal.
  • Liquefied Petroleum Gas consists mainly of methane, butane and propane.
  • Magnesium is a metal extracted from the sea water.
  • Magnetite can be used for extraction of iron.
  • The main constituents of Pearl are calcium carbonate and magnesium carbonate.
  • Pollution in rivers is measured by the percentage of dissolved amount of Nitrogen.
  • Uranium is called White Coal.
  • Lead and tin are used in solder.
  • Caffeine, a constituent of tea and coffee is a diuretic.
  • Citric Acid is used in soft drinks.
  • A substance which radiates light when heated to a high temperature is said to be incandescent.
  • Light waves are electromagnetic.
  • If a solution of pH 6 is diluted by 100 times, the resulting solution would be Acidic.
  • Acid rain is caused due to emission of oxides of nitrogen and sulphur.
  • Hydrogen iodide is used for writing on glass.
  • Infrared radiation has the longest wavelength.
  • Stainless steel cooking pans are fabricated with copper bottom because conductivity of copper is greater that that of stainless steel.
  • Sucrose is the sweetest natural sugar among glucose, fructose and lactose.
  • Lead is used in storage batteries.
  • Nobel gases are so called due to their chemical inertness.
  • Alum is not present in cement.
  • Due to continuous use of calcium superphosphate as fertilizer in soil, the pH of soil becomes more than 7.
  • Among the fertilizers used, urea contains maximum % of N.
  • Potassium magnesium sulphate is called the muraite of potash.
  • Sodium acetate salt when dissolved in water makes the solution basic.
  • Yellow colour of usual nitric acid is due to the presence of N2O5.
  • Astatine is the rarest naturally occurring element on earth. 
  • Nitrogen and carbon are most essential for building cells in the human body.
  • Among the sedimentary rocks, limestone is of organic origin.
  • Red Hematite is an ore of iron.
  • Radio-carbon dating is used to find the age of fossils.
  • Which of the following is used as raw material for the manufacture of rayon? Cellulose
  • Saponification is the process that makes what common product: Soap
  • If an alloy is an amalgam what metal must it contain-Mercury
  • An example of inorganic compound is carbon monoxide.
  • ATP is a molecule containing high energy bonds.
  • Sand, Soda and what are the main ingredients of glass-Limestone
  • Which acid dissolves glass- Hydrofluoric Acid
  • What colour is iridium-Steel Grey
  • What gives onions their distinctive smell- Sulphur - taken in when growing

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