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Discoveries and Inventions Everyday Science One Liner MCQs

Discoveries and Inventions Everyday Science One Liner MCQs



  • Galileo was first to discover rotation of earth
  • Kohler and Milstein discovered monoclonal antibodies.
  • Photography was invented by Mathew Barry
  • Albert Sabin invented Polio vaccine (oral)
  • Dmitry Ivanovich Mendeleyev (Russian) published his first version of periodic table in 1869.
  • X-ray machine was invented by James Clark
  • Arthur Campton discovered x-rays and Cosmic rays.
  • Chadwick discovered Neutron
  • Telescope was invented by Galileo
  • Penicillin was discovered by Alexander Fleming
  • Noble gases discovered by Cavendish
  • Gun powder was first invented in China
  • Velocity of light was measured by Michelson
  • Archimedes gave laws about Floatation of Bodies
  • Balloon fly up in air according to Archimedes’s principle
  • Dr. Christian Bernard was first to perform heart transplant in 1967 in cape town(SA)
  • First man to receive artificial heart was Dr. Barney B. Clark
  • Barometer was invented by Pascal
  • Robert Hook discovered Cell in 1665
  • Aspirin discovered by Dresser
  • Atomic theory given by Dalton
  • Atomic number given by Mosley
  • Bacteria by Leeunhock
  • Blood circulation by William Harvey
  • Calculus by Newton
  • Co2 by Fishcer
  • Chlorine by K. Scheele
  • Oxygen by Priestley
  • Hydrogen by Cavandish
  • Super conductor by Bendnorz and Muller in 1987 and were awarded Nobel Prize
  • Cotton gin was invented by Eli Whitney.
  • Chloroform by Guthrie
  • Deuterium by Harlod
  • Dynamite by Alfred B. Nobel
  • DNA by Watson Crick
  • Gene by Johanson
  • Chromosomes by Waldyar
  • Electric resistance by Ohm
  • Electrolysis by Faraday
  • Electron by J.J. Thomson in 1897
  • Neutron by Chadwick
  • Proton by Rutherford
  • Positron by Anderson
  • Ozone by Echonbein
  • Planetary motion by Kepler
  • Radioactivity by Bacquerel
  • Radium by Currie
  • Insulin by Banting & Best
  • Human heart transplant by Bernard
  • Vaccine (measles) by Peebles
  • Vaccine (polio) by Salk
  • Vaccine (rabies) by Louis Pasteur
  • Vaccine (small pox) by Edward Jenner
  • Cause of Malaria was discovered by Ronald Ross
  • Adding machine invented by Pascal
  • Atom Bomb by Otto Hahn
  • Air Brake by George Washington
  • Air Conditioning by H. Carier 
  • Airplane (with motor) by Wright Bothers
  • Airplane (jet engine) by Ohain
  • Automobile (electric) by William Morrison
  • Automobile (differential gear) by Benz
  • Bakelite by Leo Hendricks Backland
  • Balloon by Mont Golfer
  • Barometer by Torricelli
  • Bicycle (modern) by Starley
  • Bifocal lens by Benjamin Franklin
  • Burner (gas) by Bunsen
  • Calculating machine (digital) by Charles Babbage
  • Camera (photographic) by Josef N. Niepce
  • Carburetor by Daimler
  • Cement by Joseph Aspidin
  • Circuit breaker by Hilliard
  • Computer (electronic) by J.P.Eckert and J.W.Mauckly
  • Diesel engine by Rudolf Diesel
  • Digital camera was invented by Eastman Kodak.
  • Gas engine by Daimler
  • Electric fan by wheeler
  • Electric flat iron by Henry Sealy
  • Electric generator by Hippolyte Pixie
  • Electric motor by Michael Faraday
  • Motor A.C by Tesla
  • Motor D.C by Devin Port
  • Electric shaver by W.S. Hadaway
  • Electric vaccum cleaner by James Spangler
  • Electromagnet by William Sturgeon
  • Electron Microscope by Vladimir Zwryin
  • Microscope (compound) by Janessen and Leeuhock
  • Flying shuttle by Johan Kay
  • Gun powder by Roger Bacon
  • Gas engine (four cycle) by Otto and Daimler
  • Helicopter by Sikorsky
  • Interneral combustion engine by Daimler
  • Jet engine by Frank Whittle
  • Knitting Machine by William Lee
  • Lamp (incadecent) by Thomas Edision
  • Montgoflier invented balloon.
  • Talbot invented photographic paper.
  • Dickenson invented paper machine.
  • Blanchard invented parachute.
  • Colt’s invention is pistol.
  • Howe was the inventor of sewing machine.
  • Lamp (mercury) by Hewit
  • Laser (practical) by Gordon Gould
  • Laser (operable) by T.H.Mainman
  • Machine gun by Gatling
  • Match (safety) by Pasch
  • Microphone by Graham Bell
  • Motion pictures (camera) by Edison
  • Motor cycle by Daimler
  • Motor scooter by Bradsha
  • Parachute by Garnerin
  • Pen (fountain) by Waterman
  • Pen (ball-point) John Loud Biro
  • Photoelectric cell by Julius Elster
  • Piano by Christopher
  • Printing press (screw type) by Guten Berg
  • Radar by Watson Watt
  • Railway (electric) by Werner Siemens
  • Razor safety by Gillette
  • Razor (electric) by Jacob Schick
  • Refrigerator by Ferdinand Carre
  • Revolver by Samuel Solt 
  • Rifle by August Kotter
  • Rifle (automatic) by John Moses Browning
  • Rocket Engine by Goddard
  • Safety pin by Walter Hunt
  • Sewing Machine by Elias Howe and Thomas Saint
  • Stainless steel by Herry Brearley
  • Stream boat by Abbans 
  • Submarine by Holland
  • Tank military by Swinton
  • Telephone by Graham Bell
  • Radio by Marconi
  • Telescope (reflecting) by Galileo
  • Telescope (refracting) by Newton
  • Television (mechanical) by J.L. Baird
  • Television (electric) by Fransworth
  • Thermometer by Galilo
  • Termomter (mercury) by Farhenheit
  • Tractor by Robert Keeley
  • Transformer by William Stanley
  • Transistor by William Shockley
  • Type writer by Henry Mill
  • Washing machine (electric) by Alva Fisher
  • Washing machine (manual) by Hamilton E. Smith
  • Welding (electric) by E. Thomson
  • Zipper (meshed tooth) by Gideon Sundback
  • Celcius devised Centrigrade scale
  • Bacteria were discovered by Louis Pasture. 
  • Ramsay discovered inert gas.
  • Proton was discovered by Goldstein
  • Who is credited with the development of polio vaccine? Jonas Salk
  • Christopher Cockerel invented what: Hovercraft
  • The electric chair was invented by a dentist
  • Bardeen and Brattin discovered Semiconductor 
  • What was invented by James Dewer in 1872: Vacuum or thermos flask
  • Atom Bomb (Uranium Fission) was invented by Otto Hahn in 1941.
  • Electron was discovered in 1897.
  • Oxygen was discovered in 1774.
  • Tomas A Edison was American.
  • X-rays and Cosmic rays were discovered by Arthur Compton.
  • Printing press was invented by Johann Gutenberg.
  • Gramophone was invented by Emile Berliner.
  • Blood pressure was discovered by William Harvey.
  • Magnifying glass was invented by Roger Bacon.
  • Insulin was discovered by Banting.
  • Michael Faraday invented Electric Motor in belonged to England.
  • ECG invented by Einthogen.
  • Columbus Day is observed on 2nd Monday in October.
  • In 1774 Oxygen was discovered by Priestly.
  • In 1589 William Lee invented knitting machine.
  • More than 2000 years ago a Roman Ruler Julius Caesar invented the calendar that we use today.
  • Lipstick was first introduced in 1915 in America.
  • Zippers were introduced in 1890.
  • China was discovered by Marco Polo.
  • Sea route from Europe to India was discovered by Vasco-de-Gama.
  • Canada was discovered by Jacques Cartier.
  • Australia was discovered by William Jon zoon. 
  • Parachute was invented by L.S Lenormand in 1783.
  • Box Camera was invented by G.Eastman in 1988.
  • Electric Generator was invented by Hippolyte Pixil in the year 1832. He belonged to France.
  • In 1907 Electric Washing Machine was invented by an American named A.J 1916.
  • Motorcycle was invented by Gottlieb Daimler in 1885, he belonged to Germany.
  • First person to reach North Pole was Robert E.Peray.
  • Dynamo was invented by Faraday in the year of 1831.
  • On 14th Dec 1911 South Pole was discovered by Armunden.
  • America was discovered by Christopher Columbus in 1492, he belonged to Italy.
  • Sea route to India was discovered by Vasco da Gama in 1498, he belonged to Protugese.
  • Sandwich Island (now called Hawaiian Island) was discovered by Captain cook in 1770, he belonged to English.
  • Suez Canal was designed by French Engineer Ferdiand de Lesseps in 1869.
  • Solar System was discovered by Copernicus in 1540, he belonged to Poland.
  • Planery motion was discovered by Kepler in 1600, he belonged to Germany.
  • Artificial radioactivity was discovered by Madam Joliet and Irene Curie in 1934.
  • Atomic number were discovered by Mosley in 1913.
  • Atomic theory was given by Dalton in 1803.
  • Who invented wax paper- Thomas Edison
  • Atomic Structure was studied by Bohr and Rutherford in 1913.
  • Circumference of the earth was calculated by Jean Picard.
  • Current Electricity was invented by Volta in 1800, he belonged to Italy.
  • Cause of yellow fever was discovered by Reed in 1900.
  • Discovery of Oxygen was made by J.Priestly in 1774.
  • Deuterium (Heavy Hydrogen) was discovered by H.C Urey in 1932.
  • Discovery of Electron was made by J.J Thomson in 1897.
  • Dynamite was made my Alfred Noble, he belonged to Sweden.
  • Fundamental laws of electrical attraction was made by Coulomb.
  • Hydrogen was discovered by Cavendish in 1766.
  • Induction of electric current was discovered by Michaed Farraday in 1841.
  • Incandescent bulb was made by Edison in 1860.
  • Intelligence tests were made by Binet in 1905.
  • Laughing gas (Nitrous oxide) was discovered by Priestly.: 
  • Chromosomes were discovered by Hofmeister.
  • Otto Hahm invented A.Bomb.
  • Wright Brothers invented Aeroplane.
  • W. Shockley discovered transistor.
  • Christian Barnard was pioneer in heart transplantation.
  • William Harvey discovered Circulation of blood.
  • Ramsay discovered inert gas.
  • Aristotle was the first to classify animals into groups.
  • Theophrastus is regarded as the father of botany.
  • Hydrogen was discovered by Henry Cavandish.
  • Proton was discovered by Goldstein.
  • Thomson discovered electron.
  • Commercial cork is obtained from Quercus.
  • Bacteria were discovered by Louis Pasture. 
  • In 1803, the English Scientist John Dalton described the atom as the smallest unit of an element.
  • In 1897 J.J Thomson discovered electron, negative charges.
  • In 1911 Ernest Rutherford, a New Zealander living in Britain, carried out experiment with atomic particles.
  • Scientist use enormous machine called particle accelerator to discover and find out about subatomic particles.
  • Ernest Rutherford in 1908, with the equipment discovered the atomic nucleus.
  • Hans Geiger (1882-1945) invented the Geiger Counter used to measure radioactivity.
  • The scientist who designed the first internal combustion engine used to burn low grade fuel.
  • Francois Isaac de Rivaz
  • The scientist who discovered water: Antoine Lavoisier (Chk)
  • Nitric acid__ acid was discovered by Jabbar bin Hayyan.(HCL was also discovered by him)
  • What calculating aid was invented by William Oughtred in 1662: Slide Rule
  • What was invented by James Dewer in 1872: Vacuum or thermos flask
  • Fredrick Sanger discovered which medical life saver: Insulin
  • Who invented Scissors-Leonardo Da Vinci
  • In 1902 What did Mary Anderson invent-Windscreen Wipers
  • The technique to produce the first test tube baby was evolved by Patrick Stepote and Robert Edwards
  • Sumiton invented Tank.
  • The very first electric light was invented in Scotland in 1835 by James Lindsay.
  • The molecular theory of matter was experimentally testified by Robert Brown.
  • The theory of inheritance of acquired characters was propounded by J.B. Lamarck
  • What was invented by Dr Edward Land in 1947: Polaroid
  • Dr. James Watson discovered the structure of DNA in 1953.
  • Structure of DNA was given by Watson and Crick.
  • Air conditioner invented by "willis H. carrier"U.S. in 1902.
  • Camera (photographic) has been invented by "Joseph N. Niepce"France in 1822.
  • The scientist who designed the first internal combustion engine used to burn low grade fuel. Etienne Lenoir
  • Pioneers in Science

  • Anderson—Discovered positive electrons.
  • Archimedes—Discovery of the Principles of lever and of specific gravity; invention of the famous Archimedean screw.
  • Avogadro—An Italian scientist known for Avogadro’s Hypothesis.
  • Bacquerel—Radio-activity of uranium.
  • Baird—Television.
  • Baron Napier—Logarithms.
  • Benjamin Franklin—Invented lightning conductor.
  • Bessemer—Steel smelting process.
  • Bhabha, Dr H.J.—Research in Cosmic rays and Quantum theory.
  • Binet—Intelligence Test.
  • Birbal Sahni—Researches in Botany.
  • Bose, J.C.—Invented Crescograph and published many works on plant physiology. He discovered that plants have sense and perception.
  • Bose, S.N.—Discovery of a group of nuclear particles named after him “Boson”. 
  • Boyle—Boyle’s law; Pressure x volume = constant at a constant given temperature. Boyle was the greatest scientist of England in his time.
  • Bohr—Electron Theory—Atomic structure.
  • Braun, Dr Wernher von—space flying.
  • Bunsen—Invention of the spectroscope.
  • Carothers—Nylon plastics.
  • Cavendish—Discovery of chemical composition of water; discovery of hydrogen (Inflammable Air); ‘rare gases’.
  • Chadwick—Discovery of the neutron.
  • Chandrasekhar—Mathematical Astrophysics.
  • Charles Darwin—Theory of Evolution; Origin of Species.
  • Clarke, Arthur C.—Concept of Geostationary Orbit.
  • Curie, Madame—Discovery of radium.
  • Dalton—Atomic theory; laws of chemical combination; law of partial pressures; the law of multiple proportions.
  • Democritus—Greek philosopher—(Atomic theory).
  • Dewar—Invented cordite, liquid oxygen and introduced thermos flask.
  • Einstein—Theory of relativity.
  • Euclid—Science of geometry.
  • Fahrenheit—Fahrenheit mercury thermometric scale in which freezing point is –32° and boiling point is 212°.
  • Faraday—Electromagnetic induction and laws of electrolysis.
  • Fermi—Discovered artificial splitting of atoms.
  • Freud—Doctrine of Psycho-analysis.
  • Gay Lussac—Law of gases.
  • Gauss—System of absolute electric measurements.
  • Good Year—Discovered the art of vulcanising rubber.
  • Herschel, William—Discovered the Planet—Uranus.
  • Hertz—Electrical waves.
  • Hippalus—Founder of scientific astronomy.
  • Hoffmann—Discovered the first aniline dye.
  • Kelvin, Lord—Dynamical theory of heat.
  • Khorana, Dr Hargobind—Deciphering the genetic code.
  • Kodak—Film and photographic goods.
  • Lablanc—Manufacture of washing soda.
  • Lawrence—Invention of cyclotron.
  • Lockyer—Helium gas.
  • Louis Braille—Perfected his system of reading and writing for the blind.
  • Marconi—Wireless telegraphy; radio.
  • Maria-Montessori—‘Montessori’ method of teaching children.
  • Maxwell—Electro-magnetic Theory of Light.
  • Meghnad Saha—Effect of pressure on Radiation through bodies.
  • Mendel—Laws of heredity.
  • Mandeleev—Periodic Table.
  • Morse—Morse system of electric telegraphy.
  • Newton—Laws of gravitation; Law of Motion.
  • Nobel—Dynamite.
  • Oliver Lodge—Physicist. Researches in wireless communications.
  • Oppenheimer—Researches in atomic theory.
  • Otto Hahn—Discovery of uranium fission.
  • Parkes—Celluloid.
  • Parsons—Steam turbine.
  • Pavlov—Theory of Conditioned Reflex.
  • Perkin—‘Mauve dye’.
  • Pitman—Founded the Pitman system of phonographic shorthand.
  • Planck—Quantum theory.
  • Plimsoll—Introduced a line of demarcation on the ships beyond which the ships cannot be loaded.
  • Priestley—Discovery of Oxygen.
  • Raman, C.V.—“Raman Effect” on polarisation of light and theories on crystals and diamond formation.
  • Ramanathan—Molecular scattering of light in fluids.
  • Ramanujam—A great Indian mathematician.
  • Ramsay—Discovery of Inert gases such as Argon, Neon, Helium etc.
  • Ray, P.C.—Researches in chemistry.
  • Regnault—Experiments in regard to the physical properties of bodies and their relation to heat.
  • Roger Bacon—Gun powder.
  • Rontgen—Discovery of X-rays.
  • Rohmkorff—Induction coil.
  • Rutherford—Atomic Research; succeeded in splitting the atom for the first time in 1918.
  • Shalimar—Paints.
  • Stephenson—British engineer and pioneer in Railways. He was the first to put a locomotive on the line that was able to draw a train of 31 carriages.
  • Thomson, J.J.—Discovered electron.
  • Travers—Discovery of Neon gas (Working with Ramsay).
  • Urey—Discovery of Heavy Hydrogen.
  • Volta—Current electricity and electric battery.
  • Pioneers in Mechanical Inventions and Discoveries
  • Austin—Motor Car.
  • Bell, Graham—Telephone.
  • Berliner—Microphone.
  • Brequet—Helicopter.
  • Bushwell—Submarine.
  • Caxton—Printing Press.
  • Colt—Revolver.
  • Daimler—Gas engine.
  • Davy—Miner’s Safety Lamp.
  • Diesel—Internal Combustion engine (Diesel engine).
  • Dunlop—Pneumatic tyre.
  • Edison—First electric bulb and gramophone.
  • Faraday—Dynamo.
  • Fick—Law of Diffusion—Fick’s Law.
  • Frank Whittle—Jet propulsion.
  • Fulton—Stream boat.
  • Galileo—Telescope.
  • Gillette—Safety razor.
  • Guttenburg—Art of Printing.
  • Hoe—Rotary Printing Press.
  • Howe—Sewing Machine.
  • Huygens—Pendulum clock.
  • James Watt—Steam engine (patented in 1769).
  • Landstrom, J.E.—Safety Matches.
  • Macmillan—Bicycle (1842).
  • Mauser—Magazine of rifle.
  • Mercator—Celestial and a terrestrial globe.
  • Montgolfier—Balloon (1883)
  • Pascal—Calculating Machine.
  • Puckle, James—Machine gun
  • Shockley—Transistor.
  • Sholes—Typewriter.
  • Stephenson—Railway engine.
  • Swinton—Military tank.
  • Torricelli—Barometer.
  • Watt, Robert Watson—Radar.
  • W. & O. Wright (Wright Brothers)—Aeroplane (1903).
  • Waterman—Fountain pen.
  • Zeiss—Lenses; Camera.
  • Pioneers in
  • Medical Inventions and Discoveries
  • Banting—Insulin (as a palliative for diabetes).
  • Barnard, Christian—Replacing the human heart.
  • Brahmchari, U.M.—Cure of Kala-a-zar fever.
  • Davy—Isolation of metals by electricity; studied properties of chlorine.
  • Domagk—Sulpha drugs as bactericides.
  • Eijkman—Cause of Beri-Beri.
  • Finsen—Discovered curative effect of ultra violet rays; photography.
  • Fleming, Alexander—Penicillin (in 1929).
  • Harvey—Circulation of blood.
  • Hahnemann—Homoeopathy (founder).
  • Hopkins, Frederick Gowland—Vitamin D.
  • Jenner—Smallpox Vaccination.
  • Koch—Tubercle Bacillus.
  • Lainnec—Stethoscope.
  • Lister, Lord—Antiseptic treatment.
  • Pasteur, Louis—Treatment of rabies; cure of hydrophobia.
  • Ronald Ross—Malaria Parasite.
  • Salk, Jonas E.—Anti-polio Vaccine.
  • Simpson and Harrison—Chloroform.
  • Waksman—Streptomycin.

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