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Geography of Earth Everyday Science One Liner MCQs

Geography of Earth Everyday Science One Liner MCQs



  • Longitude is measured from East to West
  • Latitude is measured from North to South of Equator.
  • New Zealand is close to Int: Date Line.
  • Arabia is the larges peninsula.
  • Antarctica is in South Pole.
  • The largest latitude circle on earth is the Equator.
  • Equinox (equal nights) means the equal duration of day & night.
  • Lines drawn parallel to equator is latitude
  • 1 hour difference in local time between two places is 15 deg: Longitude
  • 23 degree longitude is Tropic of Cancer
  • 70% of earth’s surface is covered with water
  • Isobar is the lines joining places of equal air pressure on a map
  • Isohyets are lines joining places of equal rainfall over a period
  • Isotherm are Lines of equal temperature 
  • Contours are places with equal altitude
  • There are 36 tectonic plates
  • Crust of earth is 0.5%
  • Upper part of earth on which earth floats is Asthensosphere
  • Earth’s speed is greatest when it is closest to the sun
  • Spring tide occurs when earth, moon and sun are in straight line
  • Isthmus is a narrow land strip separating two seas and connecting two land marks
  • Day and night are equal on 21st March (at all parallel of latitude) and 23rd September
  • Core of earth is metallic
  • Temperature at earth’s core is 2000 deg: C
  • Tide at its maximum height is spring tide
  • International dateline lies along 180 deg: meridian
  • Speed of earth rotation is highest at the north pole
  • Minimum land area recommended for forest is 25%
  • Earth’s total surface covered by forests is 15%
  • Ordovician are the oldest rock
  • Earthquake is a post volcanic activity
  • Of total water on earth, fresh water reserves are 2.7%
  • Highest grade of coal is Anthracite
  • Coal mainly suitable for thermal power production is Bituminous
  • First stage of coal formation is Peat
  • Equator is called the great circle
  • Mean radius of earth is 6400 km
  • Total world surface area is 510 million sq: km
  • soil formed by deposition of silt is Alluvial soil
  • Winds blow from areas of high pressure to low pressure.
  • Movement of tectonic plates may cause eruption of a volcano
  • What creates new islands in the ocean? Volcanoes
  • soil best suited for deep rooted crops is Black soil
  • latitude of south pole is 90 deg:, latitude of equator is 0 deg:
  • humidity in air is maximum in Monsoon
  • earth revolves in its orbit 1 deg: per day 
  • 1 deg: longitude on equator is equal to 112 km
  • Doldrums is a belt of low atmospheric pressure on either side of Equator
  • Removal of rock layer by layer due to weathering is called Exfoliation 
  • Rocks formed by the solidification of lava are Basalts
  • Tundra region gets no rainfall throughout the year
  • At equator an object weights the least.
  • At 7050 km per hour, Sun rotate on its axis.
  • The northern polar lights are called Aurorae Borealis, and southern polar lights are called Aurorae Australis.
  • The pulsating universe theory explains the evolution of universe.
  • 230 million years ago there was only one huge continent on earth. This super continent is known as Panagea, which means all lands
  • In 1912 Alfred Wegener said that continents drift around on earth’s surface
  • Continental drift means plate tectonics 
  • Rain forests grow near the equator.
  • In autumn deciduous forests glow with brilliant red and gold colors as the leaves dry up and fall off the trees.
  • The shape of the earth is an oblate spheroid.
  • Arctic is the worlds northmost region.
  • The largest latitude circle on earth is Equator.
  • 230 million years ago, there was only one huge continent on Earth. This super continent is known as panagea, which means all lands.
  • In 1912, a German Scientist called Alfred Wegener (1880-1930) suggested that the continent drift around on Earth’s surface.
  • The latitude of a point on the Earth’s surface is the angular distance of that point measured at the centre of the Earth
  • Mass of earth is 6 X 10²¹ tons
  • Density of earth is 5.52.
  • Chemically earth id made up of Oxygen 46.6%, Silicon 27.7%, Aluminum 8.1%, iron 5%, Calcium 3.6%
  • Earth is divided into four zones.
  • Torrid zone lies b/w Tropics of Cancer & Capricorn.
  • Torrid zone lies between the Tropics and is bisected by the Equator
  • The North Temperate Zone lies b/w Tropic of Cancer & the Arctic Circle.
  • The South Temperate Zone lies b/w Capricorn & Antarctic Circle.
  • The area around north and south poles within the polar circles is called ‘the frigid zone’.
  • Hot belt lies b/w latitude 0° & 3° 
  • Tundra region is a region of high altitude and is without trees.
  • Steppes is the vast, treeless waste of Russia and part of Asia.
  • Moorland is rocky surface.
  • Coniferous forests extend up to 13,000 km across North America, Europe & Asia.
  • Tropical or Savannah region lies b/w desert & forest. More than 1/3rd of Africa is Savannah.
  • Pakistan lies in Monsoon land area.
  • The three abundant elements in the earth’s crust are aluminium, oxygen and silicon. The correct order of their abundance is silicon, oxygen, aluminum (8.1%)
  • Inner core is made mostly of iron.
  • Meridian is an imaginary circle in sky passing though celestial poles.
  • Africa is the 2nd largest continent of the world.
  • A wind which reverses seasonally is known as Monsoon wind.
  • Temperature increases with increasing altitude by 10° C for every 250 meter rise.
  • Water vapour turns into clouds in the atmosphere when Dew Point is reached.
  • When a warm air is lifted off the surface in temperature depression it is called an Occlusion.
  • Afternoon rains in the equatorial region are the result of convectional forces.
  • Mediterranean regions are not useful for forestry.
  • The best projection to suit the map of Pakistan is conventional.
  • The extinct Volcano Peak of Koh-i-Sultan is in Pakistan.
  • Cotopaxi: is the highest volcano in the world. It is situat¬ed in Ecuador.
  • Dust Devil: is a dusty whirlwind normally a few feet in diameter and about 100 feet tall, sometimes also wider and higher. 
  • Earth mass: The mass of the earth is about 81 times that of the moon. 
  • Earth’s core: is mainly composed of iron and nickel. Lithosphere is the innermost layer of the earth. 
  • El Nino: is the weather phenomenon brewing in the tropical Pacific Ocean. It is the largest climate event of the 20th century setting off more global disasters than ever before. El Nino is warming of the waters off Equatorial South America which causes climate abnor¬malities around the world. The impact can be flooding drought in California, Brazil, Africa and Australia, severe storms in the Central Pacific and a decline in hurricanes hitting the south-eastern United States. 
  • Exfoliation: This type of weathering is common both in the cold as well as in the hot cli¬mate regions. 
  • Great Circle: A circle on the earth’s surface whose plane passes through its centre, and bisects it into two hemispheres. Two opposing meridians together form a Great Circle. The shortest distance between any two points on the earth’s surface is the arc of the Great Circle which passes through them. 0° latitude forms a Great Circle. (The latitude or longi¬tude 75°W should be combined with 75°E to obtain the Great Circle). 
  • Horse Latitudes: Sub-trop¬ical belts of high atmospheric pressure over the oceans situat¬ed in both hemispheres. These are called Belts of Calm between regions of the Trade Winds and Westerlies of higher latitudes. 
  • Hydroponics: means culti¬vation of the plants without use of soil. 
  • Hyetology: is the study of rainfall. 
  • Kandla: is a sea port situat¬ed at the head of the Gulf of Kuch in Gujarat State.
  • Lapse Rate: is the rate of change in temperature with increase of altitude. 
  • Laterite soils: Laterite soils are formed by the weathering of laterite rocks. These can be dis¬tinguished from other soils by their acidity. 
  • Loams (loamy soil): Amix¬ture of sand, clay and silt is known as loamy soil. Loams are formed where the soils have equal proportion of sand, silt and clay. 
  • Local winds and their areas: Khamsin—Egypt; Zonda—Argentina; Santa Ana—California; Simoon—Iran. 
  • Mansarover Lake: is in Tibet. Near it, the rivers having their source are the Brahamputra, the Sutlej and the Indus. 
  • Maoris (Tribes): are the original inhabitants of New Zealand.
  • Nutrification: is the process of conversion by action of bacteria, of nitrates in the soil.
  • Pangong Tso: is one of the world’s highest and brackish lakes in Jammu & Kashmir.
  • Proxima Centauri: is a star nearest to the earth.
  • Roaring Forties: are west¬erly winds.
  • Selvas: The rain forest of Amazon basin is called Selvas. These are rainy tropical forests.
  • Spring Tides: are caused when the sun and the moon are in a straight line. The tide on its maximum height is known as Spring Tide.
  • Tsunamis: are huge sea waves caused by earthquakes.
  • Willy Willy: is a tropical cyclone of the north-west Australia.

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