Census in Pakistan History

Census in Pakistan History

The Census in Pakistan (Urdu: مردم شماری پاکستان‎), is a decennial census and a descriptive count of Pakistan's population on Census Day, and of their dwellings, conducted and supervised by the Bureau of Statistics of the Ministry of Finance and Statistics.[2] The 2017 Census in Pakistan marks the first census to take place in Pakistan since 1998. The next census is scheduled for 2027.


A national census is mandated by the Constitution of Pakistan to be held every ten years. After the independence of Pakistan in 1947, the first census took place in 1951 under Finance Minister Sir Malik Ghulam, serving under Prime Minister Liaquat Ali Khan. Since 1951, there have been only 6 nationwide censuses (1961, 1972, 1981, 1998 and 2017). Delays and postponements have often been due to politicization. Pakistan's last completed census took place in 2017. The next national census was scheduled to take place in 2001 and later 2008, and again in 2010, but none of those plans could materialize. There were multiple census counts completed for the latest round in April 2012, but were subsequently thrown out as being "unreliable". A UN led census was to be conducted with staff training and GPS digitisation. As of 2015, the population of Pakistan is estimated at 191.71 million. As of 2016, the population of religious minorities in Pakistan have increased to 3 million. On August 25, 2017, the official results declared Pakistan's population to be 207.74 million.



According to 1951 census, the Dominion of Pakistan (both West and East Pakistan) had a population of 75 million population, in which West Pakistan had a population of 33.7 million and East Pakistan (today Bangladesh) had a population of 42 million. In 1951, Hindus constituted 12.9% of the Pakistani population (this includes East Pakistan, today Bangladesh), which made the Dominion of Pakistan the country with the world's second largest Hindu population after India. In the 1951 census, the population of West Pakistan was 1.6% Hindu, while East Pakistan (today Bangladesh) was 22.05% Hindu. After the Partition of India in 1947, two-thirds of the Muslims resided in Pakistan (both West and East) and the remaining third resided in India.


According to the 1961 census, the population of Pakistan was 93 million, with 42.8 million residing in West Pakistan and 50 million residing in East Pakistan. The literacy was 19.2%, in which East Pakistan had a literacy rate of 21.5% while West Pakistan had a literacy rate of 16.9%. Hindus in East Pakistan were 18.4% while the population growth rate was 2.4%.


The scheduled 1971 census was postponed due to the political crisis of 1970 followed by the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971 and subsequent loss of East Pakistan. In 1970, the population was 65 million in the East Pakistan and 58 million in West Pakistan.

According to the 1972 census, the population of Pakistan was 65.3 million. After 1972, the Census Organization was merged into the Ministry of Interior.


According to the 1981 census, the population of Pakistan was 83.783 million.


Main article: 1998 Pakistan Census
According to the 1998 census, the population of Pakistan was 132,352,279.


Main article: 2017 Census in Pakistan
According to the 2017 census official results, declared on August 25, 2017, the population of Pakistan was 207,774,520.


The seventh national census is scheduled to take place in 2027.

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