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General Knowledge MCQs - 11

111. Change in season is caused due to
(a) Revolution of earth-
(b) Rotation of earth
(c) Inclination of earth
(d) None of these
The cycle of seasons is caused by Earth's tilt toward the sun. The planet rotates around an (invisible) axis. At different times during the year, the northern or southern axis is closer to the sun.
112. Winds generally blow from areas of
(a) Low pressure to that of high pressure
(b) High pressure to that of low pressure-
(c) High pressure to that of moderate pressure
(d) Low pressure to that of moderate pressure
In the northern hemisphere, the spin of the earth causes winds to curve to the right (to the left in the southern hemisphere). This is called the coriolis effect. So in the northern hemisphere, winds blow clockwise around an area of high pressure and counter-clockwise around low pressure.
113. Which of the following soils is best suited for deep rooted crops?
(a) Red soil
(b) Black soil-
(c) Lateritesoil
(d) Alluvial soil
Chernozem is a black-colored soil containing a high percentage of humus, and high percentages of phosphoric acids, phosphorus and ammonia. Chernozem is very fertile and can produce high agricultural yields with its high moisture storage capacity.
114. The imaginary line on the earth’s surface which closely follows the 180° meridian, is called .
(a) International Date Line-
(b) Tropic of Cancer
(c) Equator
(d) Prime meridian
The International Date Line serves as the "line of demarcation" between two consecutive calendar dates. ... The International Date Line, established in 1884, passes through the mid-Pacific Ocean and roughly follows a 180 degrees longitude north-south line on the Earth. The International Date Line is an imaginary line of demarcation on the surface of Earth that runs from the North Pole to the South Pole and demarcates the change of one calendar day to the next.

115. Which of the following countries has the largest area in the world?
(a) Canada
(b) China
(c) U.S.A.
(d) Russia-
Largest country in the world (10.995% of the world's land mass); its Asian portion makes it the largest country in Asia, and its European portion of roughly 3,960,000 km2 (1,530,000 sq mi) makes it the largest country in Europe.
116. Which of the following climatic types is said to be characterised by Three Eighties : 80° F of temperature, 80 per cent of humidity and 80 inches of  rainfall?
(a) Monsoon climate
(b) Equatorial climate-
(c) Mediterranean climate
(d) Temperate climate
A tropical rainforest climate, also known as an equatorial climate, is a tropical climate usually (but not always) found along the equator. Regions with this climate typically feature tropical rainforests, and it is designated Af by the Köppen climate classification.
117. When it is 8 p.m. in Tokyo, what is the time at Panama Canal which is located at 180° W of it?
(a) 4.00 p.m.
(b) 8.00 a.m.-
(c) 12.00 a.m.
(d) 12.00 noon

118. Evergreen forests are found .
(a) In the estuaries of peat rivers
(b) In the Himalayas above 3,000 ft. elevation
(c) Where the rainfall is between 30° to 40°
(d) Where the rainfall is between 80° and 120°-

119. Which of the following is a Kharif crop?
(a) Wheat
(b) Rice-
(c) Gram
(d) Mustard
Kharif crop. Kharif crops or Autumn crops are domesticated plants that are cultivated and harvested in India, Pakistan and Bangladesh during the summer season, which lasts from June to October depending on the area.
120. Hail storm occurs in summer season due to the formation of clouds called ————.
(a) Cirrus
(b) Cumulus
(c) Cumulonimbus-
(d) Cirrocumulus
Cumulonimbus (from Latin cumulus, "heaped" and nimbus, "rainstorm") is a dense, towering vertical cloud, forming from water vapor carried by powerful upward air currents. If observed during a storm, these clouds may be referred to as thunderheads.

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