CSS Past Papers of Solved Pair of Words English (Précis and Composition) 1986 to 1990

CSS Past Papers of Solved Pair of Words English (Précis and Composition) 1986 to 1990

English (Précis and Composition) 1986

Compliment:
Meaning: remark that expresses approval, admiration or respect
Use in sentence: I take it as a compliment when people say I look like my mother.
Complement:
Meaning: to make something else seem better or more attractive when combining with it
Use in sentence: The music complements her voice perfectly. 
Outbreak:
Meaning: a time when something suddenly begins, especially a disease or something else dangerous or unpleasant
Use in sentence: Last weekend saw further thundery outbreaks.
Breakout:
Meaning: a violent escape, especially by a group, from prison
Use in sentence: There has been a mass breakout from one of Germany's top security jails.
Facilitate:
Meaning: to make possible or easier
Use in sentence: The current structure does not facilitate efficient work flow.
Felicitate:
Meaning: to wish happiness to; congratulate
Use in sentence: Asian medal winners to be felicitated next Sunday.
Proceed:
Meaning: to continue as planned
Use in sentence: His lawyers have decided not to proceed with the case.
Precede:
Meaning: to be or go before something or someone in time or space
Use in sentence: It would be helpful if you were to precede the report with an introduction. 
Layout:
Meaning: the way that something is arranged
Use in sentence: I like the layout of the house.
Outlay:
Meaning: an amount of money spent for a particular purpose, especially as a first investment in something
Use in sentence: For an initial outlay of £2000 to buy the equipment, you should be earning up to £500 a month if the product sells well.
Cease:
Meaning: to stop something
Use in sentence: The Company has decided to cease all UK operations after this year.
Seize:
Meaning: to take something quickly and keep or hold it
Use in sentence: I seized his arm and made him turn to look at me.
Career:
Meaning: a profession or occupation which one trains for and pursues as a lifework
Use in sentence: Graduates may pursue careers in the public or private sector.
Carrier:
Meaning: a person or thing that carries something
Use in sentence: The parcels carriers used by most online retailers tend to be less flexible.
Acculturate:
Meaning: to undergo, or alter by acculturation
Use in sentence: Today the Iroquois are highly acculturated, holding jobs in communities surrounding the reservations.
Acclimatize:
Meaning: to (cause to) change to suit different conditions of life, weather, etc
Use in sentence: We found it impossible to acclimatize ourselves to the new working conditions.

English (Précis and Composition) 1987

Disclosure:
Meaning: the act of making something known or the fact that is made known
Use in sentence: Any public disclosure of this information would be very damaging to the company.
Exposure:
Meaning: when something bad that someone has done is made public
Use in sentence: The exposure of the minister's love affair forced him to resign.
Rigorous:
Meaning: very strict or harsh
Use in sentence: We shall now proceed by making the discussion more rigorous.
Vigorous:
Meaning: very forceful or energetic
Use in sentence: There has been vigorous opposition to the proposals for a new road.
Custom:
Meaning: a way of behaving or a belief which has been established for a long time
Use in sentence: An ancient custom was for the oldest son to have a double portion of the inheritance.
Habit:
Meaning: something which you do often and regularly, sometimes without knowing that you are doing it
Use in sentence: I always buy the same brand of toothpaste just out of habit.
Peculiar:
Meaning: unusual and strange, sometimes in an unpleasant way
Use in sentence: She has the most peculiar ideas.
Particular:
Meaning: special, or this and not any other
Use in sentence: She wanted a particular type of cactus.
Prescribe:
Meaning: to say what medical treatment someone should have
Use in sentence: The drug is often prescribed for ulcers.
Proscribe:
Meaning: to not allow something
Use in sentence: The Athletics Federation has banned the runner from future races for using proscribed drugs.
Accident:
Meaning: something bad which happens that is not expected or intended, and which often damages something or injures someone
Use in sentence: Josh had an accident and spilled water all over his work.
Incident:
Meaning: something that happens; happening; occurrence
Use in sentence: We also investigate incidents which affect, or could affect, drinking water quality.
Choice:
Meaning: an act or the possibility of choosing
Use in sentence: If the product doesn't work, you are given the choice of a refund or a replacement.
Preference:
Meaning: when you like something or someone more than another person or thing
Use in sentence: Her preference is for comfortable rather than stylish clothes.
Ascent:
Meaning: when someone or something climbs or moves upwards
Use in sentence: As the plane made its ascent, we saw thick smoke coming from one engine.
Assent:
Meaning: official agreement to or approval of an idea, plan or request
Use in sentence: Once the directors have given their assent to the proposal we can begin.
Immigrant:
Meaning: a person who has come to a different country in order to live there permanently
Use in sentence: Illegal immigrants are sent back across the border if they are caught.
Emigrant:
Meaning: a person who emigrates
Use in sentence: There was only a small number of emigrants on board. 
Continual:
Meaning: happening repeatedly, usually in an annoying or not convenient way
Use in sentence: I've had continual problems with this car ever since I bought it.
Continuous:
Meaning: without a pause or interruption
Use in sentence: My computer makes a continuous low buzzing noise. 

English (Précis and Composition) 1988

Custom:
Meaning: a way of behaving or a belief which has been established for a long time
Use in sentence: An ancient custom was for the oldest son to have a double portion of the inheritance.
Habit:
Meaning: something which you do often and regularly, sometimes without knowing that you are doing it
Use in sentence: I always buy the same brand of toothpaste just out of habit. 
Deface:
Meaning: to damage and spoil the appearance of something by writing or drawing on it
Use in sentence: He was fined for defacing library books.
Efface:
Meaning: to remove something intentionally
Use in sentence: The whole country had tried to efface the memory of the old dictatorship.
Differ:
Meaning: to be not like something or someone else, either physically or in another way
Use in sentence: The twins look alike, but they differ in temperament.
Defer:
Meaning: to delay something until a later time; to postpone
Use in sentence: My bank has agreed to defer the repayments on my loan while I'm still a student.
Conduct:
Meaning: to behave in a particular way, especially in a public or a formal situation, or to organize the way in which you live in a particular way
Use in sentence: How should I conduct myself at these dinners? I know nothing about etiquette.
Character:
Meaning: the particular combination of qualities in a person or place that makes them different from others
Use in sentence: Politeness is traditionally part of the British character.
Considerable:
Meaning: large or of noticeable importance
Use in sentence: The fire caused considerable damage to the church.
Considerate:
Meaning: kind and helpful
Use in sentence: She promises to be quieter and more considerate in future. 
Compliment:
Meaning: remark that expresses approval, admiration or respect
Use in sentence: I take it as a compliment when people say I look like my mother.
Complement:
Meaning: to make something else seem better or more attractive when combining with it
Use in sentence: The music complements her voice perfectly. 
Feet:
Meaning: plural of foot
Use in sentence: Your feet look horrible. 
Feat:
Meaning: something difficult needing a lot of skill, strength, bravery, etc. to achieve it
Use in sentence: The Eiffel Tower is a remarkable feat of engineering.
Fair:
Meaning: just and honest; impartial
Use in sentence: It's not fair that she's allowed to go and I'm not!
Fare:
Meaning: the money that you pay for a journey on a vehicle such as a bus or train
Use in sentence: Train fares are going up again.
Enviable:
Meaning: good enough to be envied or desired
Use in sentence: She's in the enviable position of being able to choose who she works for.
Envious:
Meaning: wishing you had what another person has
Use in sentence: I'm very envious of your new coat - it's lovely.

English (Précis and Composition) 1989

Collision:
Meaning: an accident that happens when two vehicles hit each other with force
Use in sentence: There has been a collision on the southbound stretch of the motorway.
Collusion:
Meaning: agreement between people to act together secretly or illegally in order to deceive or cheat someone
Use in sentence: It is thought that they worked in collusion with the terrorist network. 
Verbal:
Meaning: spoken rather than written
Use in sentence: Airport officials received a stream of verbal abuse from angry passengers whose flights had been delayed.
Verbose:
Meaning: using or containing more words than are necessary
Use in sentence: He was a notoriously verbose after-dinner speaker.
Facilitate:
Meaning: to make possible or easier
Use in sentence: The current structure does not facilitate efficient work flow.
Felicitate:
Meaning: to wish happiness to; congratulate
Use in sentence: Asian medal winners to be felicitated next Sunday. (Pair Repeated: 1)
Consciousness:
Meaning: the state of understanding and realizing something.
Use in sentence: Her consciousness that she's different makes her feel uneasy.
Conscientiousness:
Meaning: putting a lot of effort into your work/ controlled by or done according to conscience
Use in sentence: She has always been a very conscientious worker. (Pair Repeated: 1)
Wave:
Meaning: to raise your hand and move it from side to side as a way of greeting someone
Use in sentence: I waved to him from the window but he didn't see me.
Waive:
Meaning: to give up or forgo (a right, claim, privilege, etc.)
Use in sentence: The bank manager waived the charge as we were old and valued customers.
Wreck: 
Meaning: to destroy or badly damage something
Use in sentence: Our greenhouse was wrecked in last night's storm.
Wreak:
Meaning: to cause something to happen in a violent and often uncontrolled way
Use in sentence: The recent storms have wreaked havoc on crops.
Virtuous:
Meaning: having good moral qualities and behavior
Use in sentence: He described them as a virtuous and hard-working people.
Virtual:
Meaning: describes something that can be done or seen using a computer and therefore without going anywhere or talking to anyone
Use in sentence: In tests, we have found the virtual machine runs at a reasonable speed.
Flatter:
Meaning: to praise someone in order to make them feel attractive or important, sometimes in a way that is not sincere
Use in sentence: I knew he was only flattering me because he wanted to borrow some money.
Flutter:
Meaning: to make a series of quick delicate movements up and down or from side to side, or to cause something to do this
Use in sentence: Brightly coloured flags were fluttering in the breeze.
Deference:
Meaning: respect and politeness
Use in sentence: He treats her with such deference.
Difference:
Meaning: the way in which two or more things which you are comparing are not the same
Use in sentence: What's the difference between an ape and a monkey? 
Humiliation:
Meaning: to make someone feel ashamed or lose their respect for themselves
Use in sentence: How could you humiliate me by questioning my judgment in front of everyone like that?
Humility:
Meaning: the quality of not being proud because you are conscious of your bad qualities
Use in sentence: He doesn't have the humility to admit when he's wrong. (Pair Repeated: 1)

English (Précis and Composition) 1990

Adept: 
Meaning: having a natural ability to do something that needs skill
Use in sentence: She's very adept at dealing with the media.
Adapt:
Meaning: to change something to suit different conditions or uses
Use in sentence: Many software companies have adapted popular programs to the new operating system.
Adopt:
Meaning: to choose or take as your own
Use in sentence: Dr Kennedy has been adopted as the party's candidate for South Cambridge. 
Alleged:
Meaning: said or thought by some people to be the stated bad or illegal thing
Use in sentence: It took 15 years for the alleged criminals to prove their innocence.
Accused:
Meaning: the person who is on trial in a court or the people on trial in a court
Use in sentence: The accused protested her innocence.
Suspected:
Meaning: to think or believe something to be true or probable
Use in sentence: So far, the police do not suspect foul play.
Bear:
Meaning: to accept, tolerate or endure especially something unpleasant
Use in sentence: It's your decision - you must bear the responsibility if things go wrong.
Borne:
Meaning: past participle of bear
Use in sentence: The weight was more than could be borne by a lone man
Born:
Meaning: brought into life by birth
Use in sentence: She was born in 1950.
Raise:
Meaning: to lift something to a higher position
Use in sentence: Would all those in favor please raise their hands?
Rise:
Meaning: to move upwards
Use in sentence: New buildings are rising throughout the city.
Raze:
Meaning: to completely destroy a city, building, etc
Use in sentence: The town was razed to the ground in the bombing raid - not a building was left standing.
Smell:
Meaning: to have a particular quality that others can notice with their noses
Use in sentence: That cake smells good.
Stink:
Meaning: to smell very unpleasant
Use in sentence: The woman next to me sprayed on some perfume and stank up the whole shop
Scent:
Meaning: a pleasant natural smell
Use in sentence: The scent of roses
Least:
Meaning: less than anything or anyone else; the smallest amount or number
Use in sentence: This group is the least likely of the four to win.
Less:
Meaning: a smaller amount (of); not so much, or to a smaller degree
Use in sentence: We must try to spend less money.
Lest:
Meaning: in order to prevent any possibility that something will happen
Use in sentence: They were afraid to complain about the noise lest they annoyed the neighbors.
Quiet:
Meaning: making very little noise
Use in sentence: It's so quiet without the kids here.
Quite:
Meaning: a little or a lot but not completely
Use in sentence: I'm quite tired but I can certainly walk a little further.
Their:
Meaning: of or belonging to them
Use in sentence: He gave them their coats.
There:
Meaning: that place
Use in sentence: Put the chair there.
They’re:
Meaning: they are
Use in sentence: They're so annoying.

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