CSS Solved Past Papers of Idiom's of English Paper 2001 to 2005

CSS Solved Past Papers of Idiom's of English Paper 2001 to 2005,
CSS Solved Past Fiver Year Papers,
CSS Five Year Past Papers Solved,
CSS Solved English Past Papers.
CSS Solved Five Year English Papers.
2. Use FIVE of the following in sentences to make their
meaning clear. (10)
(i) The teaming meanings
(ii) To kick the bucket
When someone kicks the bucket, they die
(iii) To push to the walls
To place in a desperate or extreme position
(iv) To read between the lines
If you read between the lines, you find the real message in
what you're reading or hearing, a meaning that is not
available from a literal interpretation of the words.
(v) To be at daggers drawn
If people are at daggers drawn, they are very angry and
close to violence.
(vi) To throw down the gauntlet
Declare or issue a challenge
The senator threw down the gauntlet on the abortion issue.
This expression alludes to the medieval practice of a knight
throwing down his gauntlet, or metal glove, as a challenge
to combat.
Its figurative use dates from the second half of the 1700s,
as does the less frequently heard take up the gauntlet, for
accepting a challenge.
(vii) To be a Greek / it's all Greek to me
It is beyond my comprehension
This new computer program is all Greek to me.
This expression was coined by Shakespeare, who used it
literally in Julius Caesar (1:2), where Casca says of a
speech by Seneca, deliberately given in Greek so that some
would not understand it:
"For mine own part, it was Greek to me." It soon was
transferred to anything unintelligible.
(viii) To stand on ceremony
Stand on ceremony, to behave in a formal or ceremonious
(ix) From the horse's mouth
If you hear something from the horse's mouth, you hear it
directly from the person concerned or responsible.
(x) To carry the cross
Make sentences with the given Idiomatic phrases so that
their meaning become clear: (10)
(1) take aback
Surprise, shock
He was taken aback by her caustic remark.
This idiom comes from nautical terminology of the
mid-1700s, when be taken aback referred to the stalling of
a ship caused by a wind shift that made the sails lay back
against the masts. Its figurative use was first recorded in
(2) take after
Follow the example of; also, resemble in appearance,
temperament, or character
Bill took after his uncle and began working as a volunteer
for the Red Cross. [Mid-1500s]
(3) take for
(4) take ill (sick)
Become ill
It's just my luck to get sick on vacation. When was she
taken ill? [Ninth century]
Become disgusted
We got sick as we learned how much money was wasted. I
get sick when I hear about his debts. [Early 1500s]
make one sick.
get sick to one's stomach
be sick, become nauseated, vomit
If you eat any more candy you'll get sick. Sick to her
stomach every morning? She must be pregnant. [Early
(5) take off
Take off your coat and stay for a while. I took my foot off
the brake. [c. 1300]
Deduct, decrease
He took 20 percent off the original price. I want you to trim
my hair, but please don't take off too much. [c. 1700]
Carry or take away
The passengers were taken off one by one. [Late 1800s]
take oneself off
Leave, go away
I'm taking off now. We take ourselves off for China next
as an imperative
Take yourself off right now! [First half of 1800s]
Move forward quickly
The dog took off after the car.
Become well known or popular, or achieve sudden growth
That actor's career has really taken off. Sales took off
around the holidays. [Mid-1900s]
Rise in flight
The air plane took off on time. [Mid-1800s]
The rail road took off the commuter special. [Mid-1700s]
Imitate humorously or satirically
He had a way of taking off the governor that made us howl
with laughter. [Mid-1700s]
Withhold service
I'm taking off from work today because of the funeral. [First
half of 1900s]
(6) take over
Assume control, management, or possession of
The pilot told his copilot to take over the controls. There's a
secret bid to take over our company. [Late 1800s]
(7) take for
To regard as
Do you take me for a fool?
To consider mistakenly
Don't take silence for approval.
(8) take in
To grant admittance to; receive as a guest or an employee
To reduce in size; make smaller or shorter
took in the waist on the pair of pants.
To include or constitute.
To understand Couldn't take in the meaning of the word.
To deceive or swindle
was taken in by a confidence artist.
To look at thoroughly; view
took in the sights.
To accept (work) to be done in one's house for pay
took in typing.
To convey (a prisoner) to a police station.
(9) take to task
Upbraid, scold; blame or censure
The teacher took Doris to task for turning in such a sloppy
This term, dating from the mid-1700s, at first meant either
assigning or challenging someone to a task. Its current
sense dates from the late 1800s.
(10) take to One's heels
Run away
When the burglar alarm went off they took to their heels.
This expression alludes to the fact that the heels are all one
sees of a fugitive running away fast. Although similar
expressions turned up from Shakespeare's time on, the
exact idiom dates only from the first half of the 1800s
(11) take with a grain or pinch of salt.
Skeptically, with reservations
I always take Sandy's stories about illnesses with a grain of
salt—she tends to exaggerate.
This expression is a translation of the Latin cum grano salis,
which Pliny used in describing Pompey's discovery of an
antidote for poison (to be taken with a grain of salt). It was
soon adopted by English writers.
6. Use the following in your own sentences to bring out
their meaning: (10)
(1) Kick the bucket
To die
(2) Bolt from the blue
If something happens unexpectedly and suddenly, it is a bolt
from the blue.
(3) Put your foot down
When someone puts their foot down, they make a firm stand
and establish their authority on an issue.
(4) Worth your salt
Someone who is worth their salt deserves respect.
(5) Down the drain
On the way to being lost or wasted; disappearing
Buying new furniture when they can't take it with them is
just pouring money down the drain. During the Depression
huge fortunes went down the drain.
This metaphoric term alludes to water going down a drain
and being carried off.
(6) All cars
(7) Swan song
A person's swansong is their final achievement or public
(8) Cheek by Jowl
If things or people are cheek by jowl, they are very close
(9) in a nutshell
Concisely, in a few words
Here's our proposal—in a nutshell, we want to sell the
business to you.
This hyperbolic expression alludes to the Roman writer
Pliny's description of Homer's Iliad being copied in so tiny a
hand that it could fit in a nutshell.
For a time it referred to anything compressed, but from the
1500s on it referred mainly to written or spoken words.
(10) Give me five
If someone says this, they want to hit your open hand
against theirs as a way of congratulation or greeting.
6. (a) Use any FIVE of the following in your own sentences
to bring out their meaning: (5)
1. To bring grist to the mill.
Something that you can use to your advantage is grist for
the mill.
2. Set one's cap at
Pursue someone romantically
We all thought Anne had set her cap for Joe, but we were
In the 1700s this term, which may have alluded to donning
one's best headgear, was applied to members of either sex,
but by the early 1800s it generally described a woman
chasing a man. It is probably obsolescent.
3. To draw the long bow
If someone draws a long bow, they lie or exaggerate.
4. To send a person to Coventry
To ostracize, or systematically ignore someone
5. Beer and skittles
People say that life is not all beer and skittles, meaning that
it is not about self-indulgence and pleasure.
6. The acid testAn acid test is something that proves
whether something is good, effective, etc, or not.
7. A skeleton in the cupboard.
If you have a skeleton in the cupboard, or in the closet, you
have a secret in your past which could damage you if it
became known.
8. To discover a mare's nest
6 (A) use any five of the following in your own sentences to
bring out their meaning
1). Keep ones nose to the grindstone
Stay hard at work
We expect John to get good grades again, since he really
keeps his nose to the grindstone.
This expression, first recorded in 1539, alludes to a tool
that must be sharpened by being held to a grindstone.
2). Throw someone for a loop / throw for a loop
knock down or over with a feather; knock sideways,
overcome with surprise or astonishment
The news of his death knocked me for a loop.
Being fired without any warning threw me for a loop. Jane
was knocked sideways when she found out she won.
The first two of these hyperbolic colloquial usages, dating
from the first half of the 1900s, allude to the comic-strip
image of a person pushed hard enough to roll over in the
shape of a loop.
The third hyperbolic term, often put as You could have
knocked me down with a feather, intimating that something
so light as a feather could knock one down, dates from the
early 1800s; the fourth was first recorded in 1925.
3). Letter perfect
The precise wording rather than the spirit or intent.
Since it was the first time he'd broken the rules, the school
decided to ignore the letter of the law and just give him a
warning. [Late 1500s]
4). Off the wall
Something that is off the wall is unconventional.
5). Out to lunch
If someone's out to lunch, they are crazy or out of touch.
6). Salt something away
Keep in reserve, store, save
He salted away most of his earnings in a bank account. This
idiom alludes to using salt as a food preservative.
7). Take someone to the cleaners
Take or cheat one out of all of one's money or possessions
Her divorce lawyer took him to the cleaners. That broker
has taken a number of clients to the cleaners. [Slang; early
Drub, beat up
He didn't just push you—he took you to the cleaners.
[Slang; early 1900s]
8). Wear the pants in the family
Exercise controlling authority in a household
Grandma or husband (incase of husband and wife) wears
the pants at our house.

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