Islamiat Notes The Islamic Social System Lecture No. 11

Lecture No. 11


 Definition of Society
 “Where a group of people live with same language and same culture”
“A solid chain of human relation which create from practical and its basic factor is  to get benefits”

Why Society Compulsory  for the Mankind ?

1.                 Get Benefits
2.                 Avoidance from loss 
3.                 Security of Rights & Precautions

Elements of Society

1.     Persons(Individuals)
2.     Ranks(Tabaqat)
3.     Family
 Basic Factors of Society
 1.                 Family and Tribe
2.                 Area/Estate  and Country
3.                 Ranks(Tabaqat)
4.                 Fundamental Article of Faith (Aqeeda)
Importance  of Social System
The first thing in the Guidance brought to mankind by the Holy Prophet was the call to Faith and Divine Unity . After it , he used to give instruction and advice concerning  the moral and practical spheres of life to those who had accepted the call.
            Such of the teachings and exhortations of the Prophet can, fundamentally, be divided into two parts . The first part is related to the Rights of Allah . It tells what the claim of Allah is upon the bondsmen and what are the duties of the bondsmen in that regard, and how is this claim to be discharged and obligations to be fulfilled . Some of the moral precepts of the sacred prophet , too, belong to this section .
            The second part consists of the teachings appertaining to the rights of man on each other, and the duties  they owe to all the created beings , in general . How is a man to fulfill his social responsibilities an act towards all individuals an groups or any other creature with whom he may come into contact in the different walks of his life ? Some of the moral teachings of the Prophet , again ,fall into this category .
            The question of the rights of man is more important is the sense that if we disregard them, i.e., infringe on the rights of anyone or do some other injustice to him , the Lord who , of course, is Most Gracious and Merciful has not kept the forgiving of it in His own Hands, but  decreed that amends are made for it , in this very existence , by rendering back to the person we have sinned against what is his due or seeking his pardon , otherwise we will have to repay in the Hereafter which , indeed is going to cost us very dear of suffer the dreadful chastisement of Hereafter ,
            It is mentioned in Bukhari, on the authority of Abu Huraira that the Messenger of Allah said.
            Whoever may have done an injustice to a brother of defamed him or transgressed against his rights in any other way should set right the affair whit him on this very day , and in this very existence before the day of Final Reckoning, when he well have no dinars (1) and dirhams (2) to settle the claim .if he will possess a stock of good deeds , the aggrieved will be recompensed from it in suitable relation to the injustice done to him , and in case he is empty – handed in the matter of good deeds , the sins of the aggrieved will be thrust upon him .( and . thus , justice well be done on the last Day).3”
Besides . Bayhaqi  has quoted ,in shab-ul-iman ,on the authority of sayyidah Ayshah the prophet said.
            “ The Scrolls o Deeds ( in which the sins of the bondsmen are recorded ) well be of three kinds .One which will never be forgiven , ( and) it is polytheism .The Lord has declared in the Qur’an ,that ,in no case , shall He forgive the sin of polytheism. Two, which the Almighty will not pass over without doing justice , ( and ) these are the mutual wrongs , injuries and violation of rights , and the Lord will . surely , have them repaid .Three , in which the sins will beset down which have little weight and importance in the sight of Allah , ( and ) these are the lapses that are , exclusively, between the bondsmen and the Creator , the decision concerning them is wholly in His Hands , and He will punish or forgive the sinners ad He likes.”
            The teachings of the Prophet regarding the rights of man, again , are of town kinds ,Belonging to one group are the sayings that deal with the rules and proprieties of social behavior .As for instance , what should the attitude be of parents towards their children and of children towards their parents , and of husbands towards their wives an of wives towards their husbands? What are the rights of relatives , both near and distant , and of neighbors and those who are elder or younger to us ? How are we to behave towards our servants and subordinates , specially towards the poorer and weaker members of the society , and mankind on the whole ? Again  what formals and manners ought to be observed in social intercourse , in speech and association .eating and drinking , and bearing and deportment , and on occasions of joy and grief , and ,so on ? This department of Faith is known , broadly as M’uashirat . 
The Rights are mane part of Society / M’uashirat
So some think about Rights
The Most Important Islamic Rights
          Islamic rights that are respected in Islam are many. Among the most important of which are the following:
The rights of Allah:
          The blessings of Allah to His slaves are innumerable. Every blessing deserves thanks. The rights of Allah upon His slaves are many, the most important of which include the following:
1. Tauheed, which means believing that Allah is One in His Essence, His names, His attributes and His deeds. So we should believe that Allah alone is the Lord, the Sovereign, the Controller, the Creator, the Provider, in Whose hand is 

Dominion and He is Able to do all things:
“Blessed be He in Whose Hand is the dominion; and He is Able to do all things” [67:1 – interpretation of the meaning]
2. ‘Ibaadah (worship), which means worshipping Allah alone because He is their Lord, Creator and Provider. So all kinds of worship should be devoted to Him alone, such as da’wah’ (supplication), Zikr (remembering Allah), seeking help, humbling oneself, submitting, hope and fear, vows, sacrifices, and so on. Allah says:

(Interpretation of the meaning): “Worship Allah and join none with Him (in worship)” [al-Nisaa’ 4:36]
3. Shukr (gratitude, giving thanks), for Allah is the One Who bestows favors and blessings upon all of creation, so they have to show their gratitude for these blessings on their lips and in their hearts and in their physical actions, by praising Allah and using these blessings to obey Allah and in ways that Allah has permitted:

“Therefore remember Me (by praying, glorifying). I will remember you, and be grateful to Me (for My countless Favors on you) and never be ungrateful to Me." [al-Baqarah 2:152 – interpretation of the meaning].
The rights of the Messenger(S.A.W)
          The sending of the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) is a great blessing for all of mankind. Allah sent him to bring mankind forth from darkness into light, and to show them that which will bring them happiness in this world and in the Hereafter.
          Among the rights that the Messenger has over us are that we should love him, obey him and send blessings upon him. Loving him (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) is achieved by obeying his commands and believing what he told us, avoiding that which he forbade and not worshipping Allah except in the ways that he prescribed.
Parent’s rights:
          Islam pays special attention to the family and encourages love and respect within it. The parents are the basis and foundation of the family, hence honoring one's parents is one of the best deeds and one of the most beloved actions to Allah.
          Honoring one’s parents is achieved by obeying them, respecting them, being humble towards them, treating them kindly, spending on them, praying for them, upholding ties of kinship with those to whom one is related through them, and honoring their friends:
Allah says:

 “And your Lord has decreed that you worship none but Him. And that you be dutiful to your parents.” [al-Israa’ 17:23]
          The rights of the mother in this regard are greater, because she is the one who bears the child, gives birth to him and breastfeeds him. A man came to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) and said,“O Messenger of Allah, who is most deserving of my good companionship?” He said, “Your mother.” He said, “Then who?” He said, “Your mother.” He said, “Then who?” He said, “Your mother.” He said, “Then who?” He said, “Your father.”
The Rights of Relatives
          All relatives, immediate or distant, enjoy certain rights upon believing Muslims. Each relatives has a certain level of rights according to the Islamic teachings. Such levels are hinged upon close relationships of the individual, as it is set forth by Allah, the Almighty, and Allah's Apostle, PBUH. Sound social ties, and fruitful relationships are extremely valuable in the sight of Allah the Almighty. It is, therefore, important to study such ties from an Islamic perspective, observe them and maintain sound and cultivated relationships which lead to a better society, close relationships, a more harmonious community and a better environment.
Allah, the Almighty stated in the Glorious Quran:

"And render to the kindred their due rights," (17:26)

He, Allah, the Almighty also stated in the Glorious

"Serve God, and join not any partners with Him; and do good to parents, kinsfolk." (4:36)
          It is required by every Muslim individual, male and female young or adult, poor or rich, close or distant to be good to their relatives. All are urged to support relatives in every possible way and by every affordable means whether physical, mental, spiritual, moral or financial. The amount of support is proportional to the status or level of relationship of the relative, and is evaluated based on the need of such a relative. This is a matter that has its own merits based on religious teachings, moral obligations, mental judgment and pure innate requirements and obligations. This on the other hand reflects to what extent Islam agrees with the pure, innate and natural demands of man on the face of this earth.
          Believing Muslim individuals who are committed to Islam and its sound, pure and accurate teachings are urged time and time again and constantly reminded with the value of such a noble deed to a relative. Many statements support this fact from both the Glorious Quran and the Sunnah of the Prophet of Islam, Mohammed bin Abdullah, PBUH, as we will illustrate in the following paragraphs.

 Abu Huraira, RAA narrated of Allah's messenger, PBUH: "Allah, the Almighty created all creation. Upon finishing his creation, the womb stood up and said: "O Allah! This is the place of one who seeks refuge with you boycott and being banned or excommunicated." Allah, the Almighty, said: "Yes. Indeed. Do not accept that I (Myself) will befriend whoever befriends you (the womb, or rather the relatives generated and tied together due to the ties and relationships of the womb). And I shall discontinue My relations and ban who ban you?!" The womb said: "I accept." Allah, the Almighty, said: "I assure this for you." Then, Allah's messenger, PBUH said: "Read if you wish the revelation of the Glorious Qur'an:
          "Then, is it to be expected of you, if ye were put in authority, that ye will do mischief in the land, and break your ties of kith and kin? Such are the men whom God has cursed for He has made them deaf and blinded their sight." (47:22,23)
          This Hadith is reported by both Bukhari and Muslim. Allah's Apostle, PBUH also is reported to say: "He/She who believes in Allah, the Almighty and the Day of Judgment, must communicate, be good, courteous and kind to his kith and kin or relatives." This Hadith is reported by both Bukhari and Muslim.
          It is unfortunate to notice that many people neglect such important social rights and religious obligations. Many Muslims, unfortunately do not care to be kind to their relatives are poor and needy, nor by social relations or even any other help that they may be able to render at no cost. At times you may find a person, on the contrary, being harsh, means, irrespective, jealous or miserly to his own relatives, while being the opposite towards others who are distant. Some people, unfortunately, do not even visit their relatives, offer them occasional gifts and presents, look after them when in need, help them or even extend a helping hand if really in desperate need for help.
          On the other hand, there are an other kinds of people who establish good relationships with relatives only for the sake of relationships, not for the cause of Allah, the Almighty. Such a person in reality is not doing what he is doing for the fulfillment of the commands of Allah, the Almighty, but is paying back those relatives what was paid him in advance. Such an act is applicable to relatives, friends and distant people. A true good person is the one who establish good rapport with his relatives for the noble cause of the pleasure of Allah, the Almighty, only, and hoping to improve his ties with Him, the Almighty regardless if they did the same with him or not.
          Bukhari reported of Abdullah bin Amr bin al-`Aas. RAA, companion of Allah's Apostles, PBUH who said: "A person who is good to his relatives is not a person who rewards them, or repays them equally for what they do to him. A good person is the one who does good to his relatives even if they do not do that to him, visits them even if they do not visit him, give them even if they do not give him, and so forth." A man asked Allah's Apostle, PBUH: " O Prophet of Allah! I have some relatives whom I visit, be kind to and give whatever I can, but they do the opposite to me. I try to be extremely patient with them regardless of the harms, inconsiderateness and troubles they cause to me. What should I do in such a case? Allah's Apostle, PBUH said: " If you are truly what you describe, then you are as if you let them eat ashes (as a result of their own doing), so long you continue to do good to them. Yet, Allah, the Almighty, continues to support you, aid you and help you over them as long as you continue being good to them."
          It is a real pleasure that one gains from being good and kind to his relatives at large. If the only thing man gets from such a noble social act is the pleasure of Allah, the Almighty; it suffices man in this life. But, it is most likely that man will get tremendous benefits from fulfilling such commands of Allah, the Almighty, in his life. One definitely grows socially, matures ethically and feels at ease and peace with himself and with the community around him.
          Man is weak without the support of his immediate family members or the moral support of his extended family members. Islam agrees with the norms of life. It coincides with the basic requirements of man in his social life. Establishing such rights by Allah, the Almighty to govern the Islamic life and society is but a blessing of Allah, the Almighty to man all over the world. Such a relationships will produce a close-knit society, better relations amongst the various individuals and components of the various units of society.
The rights of one Muslim over another:
          The believers are brothers and are an integrated nation, like a building parts of which support other parts. They treat one another with mercy and compassion, and love one another. In order to preserve this building and this brotherhood, Allah has prescribed rights, which each Muslim has over his fellow Muslim. These include love, sincerity (naseehat), relieving his distress, concealing his mistakes, supporting him when he is in the right, respecting neighbors and honoring guests.
          These rights also include returning greetings of salaam, visiting the sick, accepting invitations, saying “yarhamuk Allah (may Allah have mercy on you) to a Muslim when he sneezes, and attending his funeral. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “The rights of one Muslim over another are five: returning the greeting of salaam, saying ‘yarhamuk Allah (may Allah have mercy on you)’ when he sneezes, accepting invitations, visiting the sick and attending funerals.” (Narrated by Muslim,)
Neighbor’s rights:
          Islam pays attention to the issue of neighbors, whether they are Muslim or not, because of the interests served by that in making the nation like one body. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: ‘Jibreel kept on enjoining the good treatment of neighbors to the extent that I thought that he would include neighbors as heirs.” (Agreed upon. Narrated by Muslim,)
          Among the rights of one neighbor over another as affirmed by Islam are the initiation of greetings, visiting him if he is sick, offering condolences if calamity befalls him, congratulating him at times of joy, overlooking his mistakes, concealing his faults, bearing his annoyance with patience, giving him gifts, lending him money if he needs it, lowering one’s gaze from looking at his womenfolk, and guiding him to that which will benefit him in his religious and worldly affairs. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “The best of companions with Allah is the one who is best to his companion, and the best of neighbors with Him is the one who is best to his neighbor.” (Narrated by al-Bukhari)
          Concerning neighbors’ rights, Allah says: (interpretation of the meaning):

“Worship Allah and join none with Him (in worship); and do good to parents, kinsfolk, orphans, Al-Masaakeen (the poor), the neighbor who is near of kin, the neighbor who is a stranger, the companion by your side…” [al-Nisaa’ 4:36]
          Islam warns against annoying one’s neighbors or treating them badly. The Messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) explained that this would lead to being deprived of Paradise: “He will not enter Paradise from whose harm his neighbor is not safe.” (Agreed upon. Narrated by Muslim,).
          In order to achieve the common interest, Islam gives rights to the ruler over his subjects and to the subjects over their ruler, and its gives the husband rights over his wife and the wife rights over her husband, and there are other just rights, which Islam has enjoined.

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