Islamiat Notes Morality of Prophet(PBUH) Lecture No. 6



Lecture No. 6
TOPIC:   Morality of Prophet (صلي الله عليه وسلم)

Definition of Morality
     The Morality is a same meaning of good qualities or politeness. According to the experts ,nature or the internal qualities of human being.
           
As saying by Imam Gazali the meaning of ethics(Morality) is:

             “Ethics is a name of that stats condition of  human nature for which a man very easily and conveniently did any action.

Place of Morality in Islam
 
            Among the things on which the prophet Muhammad (صلي الله عليه وسلم)has laid the greatest stress, after belief, and maintained that the felicity and salvation of mankind is dependents upon them, one is the cultivation of good manners and noble qualities of mind and character, avoiding evil and unseemly behavior, and keeping away from vicious habits and practices. In the Quran, where the objects of raising up of the sacred Prophet (صلي الله عليه وسلم) are defined, it is, also, emphasized that to cleanse men and make them pure is a special part of his mission.






Moral reform and uplift occupies a place of highest importance in the aim and design of sanctification. As the prophet “صلي الله عليه وسلم” himself has said: “I have been raised up by Allah to teach moral virtues.” It denotes that moral correction and elevation was among the chief ends and purposes of the mission of the prophet Mohammad “صلي الله عليه وسلم "and formed a fundamental part of his magnificent endeavor. It, naturally, could not be otherwise, for moral values play a vital part in molding a man’s life. 

A person with good morals will not only lead a happy and peaceful life himself, but his existence will be a source of comfort to others as well. On the other hand, if his social conduct and moral disposition are bad, his life will be devoid of real joy, and he will, also, make the lives of his relatives and all other around him miserable.

            These are the ready, worldly effects of good or evil behaviour we experience in our daily existence, but it is going to yield far more serious results in the everlasting life of the Hereafter. The sequel of noble morals, in the Hereafter, is the good pleasure of the Lord and Paradise while that of bad manners and evils conducts is the Wrath of Allah and Fire of Hell.

            The saying of holy Prophet (صلي الله عليه وسلم) relating to moral reform are of two kinds: one in which he has laid emphasis on moral goodness, as a principle, explained the worth and importance of good and virtuous habits, and indicated the unique reward they are going to fetch in the Hereafter, and the other that contain the advice and instruction to acquire or avoid a particular moral attribute. Here, we will, first, take up the Traditions belonging to the former category.




Importance of good manners

عن عبد الله بن عمرو قال قال رسول الله صلي الله عليه وسلم ا ن من خياركم احسنكم اخلا قا  (رواه البخاري ومسلم)

 (241/1) It is related by Abdullah Ibn  Amr (رضي الله عنه) that the Messenger of Allah (صلي الله عليه وسلم) said: “The best of you are those who possess the best of manners”  (Bukhari and Muslim)


عن ابي هريرة رضي الله عنه قال قال رسول الله صلي الله عليه وسلم اكمل المؤمنين ا يمانا احسنهم خلقا (رواه ا بو داود)

 (242/2) Abu Hurayrah (R.A.) related to us that the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said: “Believers who possess better manners are the most perfect in Faith”

Commentary:
           
             There is a define relationship between belief and manners. He who has a perfect belief definitely has very good manners. On the same basis, he who possesses very good manners is a perfect believer. It must be understood that without belief, a person’s manner—nay, any deed he performs—are meaningless. Belief is the spirit and the driving force for every deed and every piety. Thus, if we see anyone who has good manners but morally an image of manners and they have no value in the sight of Allah.

Morality of Prophet (صلي الله عليه وسلم)

The Perfect Human Nature

            The noble person of the Holy Prophet (صلي الله عليه وسلم) stands pre-eminent, dignified any mighty in all qualities, habits and manners. To comprehend and to describe all these noble qualities and merits, is beyond human capacity, since all those excellencies which can be imagined as attainable are possessed by the Holy Prophet (صلي الله عليه وسلم). All the messenger prophets are only reflection of his light. So praise be to Allah.

فلله الحمد رب العلمين

The cherisher of the worlds (for He is the owner of all goodness) may Allah bless him and his family in measure of his beauty, sublimity and perfection and great him.
(Mudarij-un-Nabuwah)

Special Distinction

            Iman  Nawawi (Mercy of Allah is on him) has written in his Tahzib that Allah (the most high) had assembled all the Excellencies and virtues of character and habits in the person of the Holy Prophet (صلي الله عليه وسلم). Allah the most High) had endowed him with all the knowledge of the ancient and later peoples, even thought he was unlettered – being unable to read an write0 and had no human teacher; yet he had been endowed with such knowledge as Allah (The Most High) had not bestowed on anyone else. He was offered keys to the mundane treasures but he preferred the hereafter to the worldly riches (صلي الله عليه وسلم).
            Hazrat Anas (Allah be pleased with him) has related that the Holy Prophet (صلي الله عليه وسلم) was the greatest possessor of knowledge and wisdom. He was the most honorable, just, humane and forbearing, virtuous and chaste, beneficent, patient and fortitudinous of all men, peace be on him. Bukhari and Muslim have related on the authority of Hazrat Anas (Allah be pleased with him) that the Holy Prophet (صلي الله عليه وسلم) was more handsome, courageous and generous than anyone else because he was the noblest of all men, and he was the most even-tempered. Definitely, the acts and deeds of one possessing these merits will be a model of the best deeds, He will possess the comeliest face and his character will be of the highest standard. The Holy Prophet (صلي الله عليه وسلم) was therefore, the Agglomeration of all the qualities of bodily and spiritual perfection.
May Allah bless him, infinitely


Long suffering and Forgiveness

            The patience, long suffering and forgiveness of the Holy Prophet (صلي الله عليه وسلم) are the highest qualities of prophet-hood. According to a tradition, the Holy Prophet never revenged himself for any personal or financial matter. He did so only from one who declared any thing ‘Halal’ (Lawful) that Allah (the most High) has prescribed as ‘Haram’ (Unlawful) but even this revenge was only for the sake of Allah himself. The hardest suffering fell to the lot of the holy prophet(صلي الله عليه وسلم) in the battle of Uhd, when the unbelievers fought against him and caused him severest grief and affliction, but he not only contended himself to suffer and forgive, but taking pity on them also excused them for their misbelieve and ignorance, and said:

اللهم اهدني قومي فانهم لا يعلمون

“O Allah! Show my people the right path, for they know not” in another tradition the words:
اللهم اغفرلهم

“O Allah! Forgive them”
            Are also included, when the companions who felt grieved at this said “O Apostle of Allah! Would that you had cursed them, so that they were annihilated” he replied, “I have not been sent to curse, but to call people to the truth, and as a mercy for the creation” (Ash-Shifa, Madarij-un-Nubuwah).

Keeping His Word

            On the occasion of the battle of Badr the number of the Muslims was very small and they stood in need of every hand they could muster, Huzaifa bin-al-Yaman and Abu Husail two of his companions came to the Holy Prophet (صلي الله عليه وسلم) and said, “O Apostle of Allah! We are just coming from Mecca. The unbelievers had captured us on the way and have released us on the condition that we do not fight on your side. We agreed under coercion, but we will certainly fight the unbelievers”. The Holy Prophet (صلي الله عليه وسلم) said “Not at all! Keep your word, and leave the battled field, We (Muslims) will keep our word in all circumstances. We need the help of Allah only” (Muslim).

            Hazrat Abdullah bin Abil Hammad (May Allah pleased with him) has related: Before his prophet-hood I bought something from the Holy Prophet (صلي الله عليه وسلم). As y money fell short I requested him to wait at the spot, and promised to come back in a while. But the matter slipped out of my mind somehow and after three days when I returned to the spot I found the Holy Prophet (صلي الله عليه وسلم) still waiting here. He only said, “You put me to great trouble. I have been waiting for you here for three days” In this instance we find an excellent instance of the modesty of the Holy Prophet (صلي الله عليه وسلم) and his faithfulness in fulfilling a promise.

(Madarij-un-Nubuwah)

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